Aiki Budokai  of Boston
Aoi Koyamakan Dojo

G - H

Gaijin Outside person,a foreigner
Gaikokujin Outside-country person, a more polite term for foreigners
Gaiwan Outer edge of arm
Gaeshi To reverse (turn over, or against)
Gaku Diploma or Certificate
Gaku Study
Gakusetsu Theory
Ganbatte Stick to it
Ganmen The face
Ganseki Boulder, large stone
Ganseki Otoshi Boulder drop, an arm bar with elbow braced over the shoulder
Garami To entangle or enwrap
Garami Waza Entangling techniques in which opponents are locked into their own structure
Garyu Lying Dragon
Garyu (One's or a) personal style 
Gassho Position of obeisance, hands up in an attitude of "prayer"
Gasshuku Seminar or training camp
Gyakon Pressure point on the radial nerve (LU), also Tekubi Osae, Gakun
Gedan Low-level
Gedan Barai Low-level sweep, particularly with a stick or polearm.
Gedan no Kamae Low-level combative posture, sword pointed down
Gedan Tsuki Low-level punch (below the solar plexus)
Gei Art
Geijutsu Art tactics or skills; fine arts
Geiko See Keiko
Gekitai To drive back an attack
Gekken Severe Sword, fencing, sword combat
Gekon Pressure point below lower lip (GV-26)
Genkan Front porch or entrance-hall of any Japanese-style building
Genshin Intuition
Gensoku Techniques which illustrate principles
Genri Principles
Gessha Monthly dues or tuition
Geta Platform zori, ones which have two risers on the bottom increasing height and making it easier to cross certain kinds of terrain.
Getsu Moon
Gi Skill, technique, an alternative pronunciation of waza
Gi Worn (Uniform); only properly used as a suffix (eg. keikogi, judogi, etc.)
Giri Duty; an obligation to be paid.
Go Five
Godan Fifth Rank. A mid-high (black belt) rank in modern budo
Gogyo Five elements (metal, earth, fire, water, wood)
Goho no Atemi Practice form that combines each of our five basic upper and lower body strikes.
Gokaku Geiko Practice between partners of roughly the same rank
Gokoku Pressure point in fleshy area between thumb and forefinger (see Koko).
Gokui Special or secret techniques taught privately to specific students
Gokyo Fifth principle, in Aikido, Kuji Osae
Gokyo no Waza Techniques (of the) five principles Judo's original organization of throwing
Gokyu Fifth hill, the fifth level before shodan
Gomen nasai Excuse me, I'm sorry
Go no Sen Initiative after starting, a reactive state
Gyaku Reverse, opposite, inverted
Gyaku Geki Counter attack
Gyakukatate Tori Reverse single-hand hold
Gyakukotegaeshi Reverse lower-forearm reversal, a required Shoden technique.
Gyakute Reverse Hand, holding a weapon with reverse grip
Gyakute Dori Reverse hand taking, grabbing with a reverse grip
Gyakute Osae Reverse hand press, an Osaekomi
Gyaku Uchi  Generic term for any reverse strike
Gyaku Tsuki  Reverse thrust, punching with the rear hand of a stance

Ha Tooth
Ha Blade
Hacho In Japanese design, the attempt to duplicate nature with deliberate asymmetry
Hachi Eight
Hachidan Eighth Rank. An advanced (black belt) rank in modern budo
Hachikyu Eighth Hill, the eighth rank before shodan
Hachimaki Head wrap, headband
Hai Yes
Hai Lungs (LU )
Haibu Back (anatomical)
Hairi Kata  Forms of entry
Haishu Back of the hand
Haito Ridge-hand
Haiwan Back of forearm
Hajime Start, begin
Hajimemashite And so it begins, a greeting for new acquaintances
Hakkai Shiki  Opening ceremony of a school
Hakama Divided skirt, similar to culottes, worn while practicing traditional Japanese arts; used as a sign of rank by some
Hakama Sabaki  Pant decisive motions (how to deal with your hakama so as not to impair mobility or access to weapons while moving, standing and sitting)
Hakkeyoi Keep Striving
Hakkoryu Jujutsu Eighth Ray of Light-style Gentle Art. A modern budo founded by Ryuho Okuyama, based on Daito Ryu and Shiatsu principles
Hakyo Eighth principle: (Kote Ori Kake Kimi, Kuji Dori) in Aikido, nikkyo with UKE's elbow in TORI's armpit, often pinning the hand with a foot.
Han Half
Han Clan, family or fief
Hana Nose
Hana Flower
Hanabishi Diamond Flower (used in Mon)
Hanashi-waza Techniques involving escapes from holds; also known as Hazushi Waza
Hando no Kuzushi  Breaking an opponent's balance using his/her reaction.
Hankai Half-turn
Hanko A "chop" or seal stone used in Japan in place of a signature.
Hanmi Half-body, a half forward stance
Hanmi-handachi Training in which TORI kneels, and UKE stands.
Hanpuku Geiko Training repetitively, using a limited number of waza and drilling them.
Hanshi A certificate rank, properly not used as form of address.
Hantai Opposite
Hantai The other way around
Hantai ni In the opposite direction
Happo The eight sides; in all directions

Happo-baraki Eight direction sweep, to be totally aware of ones surroundings
Happo no Undo Eight direction exercise, cutting and turning in the eight 'cardinal' directions
Happyo Announcement of exam results
Hara The abdomen, stomach, thought to be the the center of the mind
Hara Gatame An arm bar performed using TORI's hara
Harai To sweep or reap
Harai Goshi Sweeping hip
Hara Kiri To slice the belly, an extremely rude term for seppuku (ritual suicide)
Hari Needle
Hari Needle skills, acupuncture
Hasso no Kamae Figure 8 stance, sword by side of head
Hasuji Blade positioning/angling
Hayaku Quickly
Hazushi Avoidance or evasion
Hebi Snake
Heiko Parallel
Heiho Strategy, psychology, tactics
Henka Variations
Henka waza  Variation techniques, changing techniques to be appropriate to specific situations.
Hera Peg in back of hakama, inserted in turns of Kaku-obi to prevent koshita from sliding.
Hi Spleen (SP)
Hidari Left
Hiden Secret, not public
Hifu Lung Air (skin)
Hiho Secret methods
Hiji Elbow
Hiji Age Rising elbow
Hiji Ate  Elbow strikes
Hiji dori  Elbow taking (grab)
Hiji Garami  Elbow Entangling
Hiji Uke Elbow Receptions
Hiji Zume (To) stuff the elbow, Ude Osae, Aikido's Ikkyo
Hiji Zume  Atemi point on inside of elbow
Hijoji Emergency
Hijoji Tetsu Da Emergency fall hit medicine (treatment for martial arts injuries)
Hiki Draw; Pull
Hiki Nage Drawing Throw
Hikite Pull hand, knobs or pulls on drawers or doors
Hima Forehead
Himo Cords or ties found on Keikogi
Hineri Twist
Hiragana Japanese phonetic alphabet used to spell indigenous Japanese words
Hishi Diamond
Hitai Forehead
Hito e mi Blending with motion of attack
Hito-emi Equal stance, feet parallel forward
Hitori waza Invisible partner practice, shadow boxing
Hiza Knee
Hiza Ate Knee strikes
Ho Direction, corner
Hiza Garuma Knee Wheel
Hojo Jutsu  The art of binding (knot tying etc.), found in many classical-era systems
Hoko  Walking or stepping
Hombu Home Dojo, head office of an organization
Hon True or original
Hone Bone
Honesei Bone setting (also honesetsu)
Hontai True body, the unattached and aware state of a trained warrior
Honte True hand, grasping or holding in a natural grip (often the opposite of gyakute)
Hyoshi Timing
Hyoteki Target area

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Visitors are welcome, by appointment, as are beginners and guests.  To schedule an interview, please E-mail or call us 617.501.3446.

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